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Outline Health & Safety Plan

Introduction

This Health & Safety Plan is prepared in accordance with the Construction (Design & Management) Regulations 1994, Approved Code of Practice to the regulations and guidance notes to the regulations. Reference needs to be made to the Annexes for items such as Risk Assessments and Method Statements.

It is the intention of Enviro~Clean that the project be designed and constructed in such a way that the risks to the health and safety of all persons engaged in its construction and maintenance are eliminated or reduced to a level which is acceptable under current health and safety legislation. All those involved in the construction phase have a statutory duty to comply with the Health and Safety Plan and to provide the Principal Contractor with any information which they have, which he needs to keep the Plan up to date. Anyone wishing to seek advice on compliance, should contact the Principal Contractor.

Health & Safety File

All contractors will be reminded of their statutory duty to contribute, where appropriate, to the Health & Safety File.

Site Management

Enviro~Clean is required under the CDM Regulations to manage and control all matters of Health and Safety on site. Enviro~Clean will dismiss from site any operative or contractor not meeting health and safety standards. Enviro~Clean will make contractors aware that non-compliance with any health and safety legislation or site rules will result in them being removed from site.

Selection of Contractors

Domestic contractors are selected from a database of contractors following vetting for Health and Safety compliance. The database holds an appraisal of the Health and Safety Information provided by each contractor. Their health and safety performance on site will be regularly appraised and the database updated.

Site Rules

The following rules will apply on all sites:

  • All operatives will attend a brief site induction conducted by the site manager or a designated deputy
  • Each operative will provide Enviro~Clean with relevant ‘Proof of Competence and training‘ certificates before work commences.
  • Contractors bringing any plant, machinery or electrical tools to site will provide relevant Test certificates for each item of equipment.
  • All sites are designated ‘Hard hat and Safety Footwear Sites‘ and therefore all operatives will wear hard hats and safety shoes at all times
  • All operatives will wear/use any items of PPE required by the site rules and as indicated as a result of an assessment.
  • All operatives will observe site signage.
  • No Smoking, eating or drinking anywhere within the vicinity of the work area
  • No operative is allowed entry to unauthorised work areas
  • Operatives to be given clear instruction as to the procedures for handling visitors/strangers

Training

Enviro~Clean will ensure that all operatives on site have been trained and instructed to understand the safety procedures which are relevant to their work. Where operatives‘ knowledge or experience proves insufficient, Enviro~Clean will notify the operative‘s employer so the appropriate corrective action can be taken.

Toolbox talks will be held as determined by changing site conditions. Talks will be arranged by the site manager and details of attendance recorded.

Before commencing on site, the site manager receives instruction regarding his roles and responsibilities for this site. All operatives, management personnel and visitors must be inducted by the Site Manager before going out onto the site for the first time. Inductions will be recorded.

Documentation

Every Contractor shall provide to Enviro~Clean, before work commences, COSHH Noise and Risk Assessments as appropriate to their operations, together with Method Statements outlining the safe system of work to be employed for operations requiring a method statement, or where one has been requested. Contractors arriving on site without the appropriate documentation will not be allowed to commence work.

Enviro~Clean will ensure that the findings of COSHH, Noise and Risk Assessments together with relevant details from Method Statements are passed to all operatives on site who are likely to be affected by the work assessed.

Communications

The entire workforce should be encouraged to communicate directly to any supervisory staff details of any hazard they have seen, or to make any suggestion that will make conditions safer. Any such contribution is recorded in the site safety diary and raised on the next safety meeting, or earlier if appropriate. The site supervisor operates an ‘Open Door‘ policy.

Control of Access

Enviro~Clean will erect barriers internally and/or externally as relevant to the project designed to:

  • protect members of the public and/or staff
  • fully enclose the work area

Enviro~Clean will ensure that operatives and third parties do not climb, damage or alter it in any way. Any damage will be repaired as soon as practically possible. Access points built into such temporary hoarding will remain closed at all times. The site manager will issue clear instruction to all operatives during the brief site induction the action they will take to ensure the safety of visitors/strangers. All visitors will be accompanied by a supervisor. All personnel must book in and out of site.

Site Fencing

Fencing will be not less than 2m high. It will be either close-boarded or covered with mesh not exceeding 30mm in size to prevent it being easily climbed. It will be properly maintained with all support posts securely anchored and fully clamped. Openings for access will be fitted with gates which will be kept locked at all times when the site is unoccupied. Supervision will be maintained when any gate is open.

Materials will not be placed or stacked in the vicinity of the fence in such a way as to provide easily climbed access over the fence, and suitable warning notices will be fixed to the fence.

Information and Signs

A Health and Safety Information Board will be displayed at the site. All health and safety signage will comply with the Health and Safety (Safety Signs and Signals) Regulations 1996.

P.P.E.

The site will be designated a ‘Hard Hat and Safety Boots‘ site for all the period there is a risk of head or foot injury. The site manager will be responsible for assessing these risks. Other PPE will be worn as indicated in risk assessments and method statements. Every Contractor is therefore expected to provide each of his operatives with the following items of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE):

  • A Safety Helmet
  • Safety shoes/boots
  • Items of PPE as appropriate to the work undertaken as outlined in the COSHH, Risk and Noise Assessments

Enviro~Clean will ensure that all operatives have available and wear/use, when appropriate, all items of PPE. Enviro~Clean will provide adequate quantities of items of relevant PPE for the use of visitors.

Noise

Enviro~Clean will continually assess the level of noise that operations are creating and implement measures that keep levels as low as possible, not only for workers on site but for residents and the public close to site. Adequate provision will be allowed for these measures which could be the use of noise reduced compressors and other machinery, out of office hours working for the noisiest operations, the use of baffles, etc.

A means of drying wet clothing will be provided on site when operatives are required to work outdoors. Heaters will be thermostatically controlled and have enclosed elements. Coat stands and drying racks will be positioned a safe distance away from heaters.

Lighting on Site

If at any stage of a project, the natural light source becomes unavailable or inadequate, or where work takes place in areas where lighting is not provided or is insufficient, then temporary lighting will be provided by Enviro~Clean.

First Aiders

Enviro~Clean will ensure that a first aider, whose qualification is commensurate with the work being carried out, is present on site at all times such work is in progress. Provision will be made that when the first aider is unforeseeably absent, a person is appointed to take charge in any emergency.

Contractors are to notify names of first aiders to the site manager.

First Aid Boxes

Sufficient first aid boxes will be provided the contents of which will be as a minimum:

  • General guidance card on first aid (Form Ind(G)4 rev(p))
  • Individually wrapped sterile adhesive dressings (assorted)
  • Sterile eye pads, with attachments
  • Individually wrapped triangular bandages
  • Safety pins
  • Medium sized individually wrapped sterile unmedicated wound dressings (approx. 10 cm x 8 cm)
  • Large sterile individually wrapped unmedicated wound dressings (approx. 13 cm x 9 cm)
  • Extra-large sterile individually wrapped unmedicated wound dressings (approx. 28 cm x 17.5cm)
  • 300 ml of sterile water or sterile normal saline solution (0.9 percent) in sealed disposable containers (where mains water is not readily available for eye irrigation)
  • Individually wrapped moist cleansing wipes (where soap and water are not available)

Extra items, to meet special hazards, may also need to be kept but only where the first aider has been trained in their use. Items such as medicines or tablets will not be kept or administered.

Accidents

All accidents are to be entered in the relevant contractors Accident Book, and also reported to Enviro~Clean, no matter how trivial. Contractors are to report any notifiable accidents and occurrences in accordance with RIDDOR. The site manager will be given a copy of the F2508.

Fire Extinguishers

Enviro~Clean will ensure that all temporary fire extinguishers are in place in the work areas. This equipment will be labelled indate for annual Test.

Hot Work

Any Hot Works operations will be controlled by a Permit to Work system. Enviro~Clean will co-ordinate all hot works operations and issue the Permit to Work.

Site Electrics

Codes of Practice

Enviro~Clean will ensure that all Contractors comply with the relevant aspects of the Electricity at Work Regulations 1989.

Operative Competence

All site electrical installations will be undertaken by competent electrical contractors only. The contractor will be a specialist electrical engineering company having its technical experts controlled by Chartered Electrical Engineers; a Members of the Electrical Contractors Association or a contractor who is on the roll of the National Inspection Council for Electrical Installation Contracting any of whom will be fully conversant with the standards required.

Documentation

The Electrical Contractor will ensure that records of training, permits-to-work, inspection, Testing and maintenance will be kept throughout the working life of an electrical system. In addition, records of circuit diagrams, cable runs, loading diagrams and other relevant information will be retained and kept up to date.

Safe Methods of Work

The Electrical Contractor will ensure that work on live conductors, or on electrical equipment which has been made dead will be carried out only under an appropriate permit-to-work procedure. Records of permit issue, cancellation, etc. will be maintained.

Electrical Tools

All portable electric plant, tools and lighting used on site will be down rated to 110v only. Supply leads to these tools are likely to be lengthy; every effort will be made to protect them from damage. Tools will be disconnected before any adjustments are made or attachments changed.

Whilst all electric portable tools will be subject to inspection, Testing and maintenance by competent persons, users will check them before use and ensure that the flexible cable is not damaged and is firmly connected to both tool and plug.

If it is necessary, because of the nature or circumstances of a particular job, for cables to lie on the ground, if only for a short time, additional protection will be provided by means of a conduit and special provisions made if vehicles have to cross (e.g. ramps). The line will be clearly marked. Joints in cables will be avoided wherever possible but where unavoidable, they will be enclosed in purpose-built housings.

First Aid

Mechanical Plant & Equipment

Inspections

Inspections and through examinations will be carried out and recorded in accordance with LOLER 98 and the manufacturers recommendations. Lifting equipment will be inspected weekly this inspection will be recorded and held within the Health and Safety Plan.

Proof of competence

Contractors will demonstrate a system which ensures that all drivers of mechanical plant are competent to perform their duties. All operatives will therefore hold a relevant certificate of training such as CPCS (The Construction Plant Competence Scheme), or similar.

Documentation

All plant and work equipment will be assessed for risks, before use. Information should be on site (noise levels, data sheets, electrical information, operators handbooks etc). All relevant risk assessments for the use of plant are to be submitted. Enviro~Clean will ensure that Plant Test Certificates are available for all items of plant and machinery used on site.

Work on Roofs

Edge Protection

An assessment will be carried out to establish the requirements for the protection of falls. Where any work is to be within 2m of the roof edge, edge protection will consist of toeboards and guardrails with a gap not exceeding 470mm to a minimum of 950mm to the top guardrail above roof level. This may need to be around the entire roof perimeter. The assessment will consider if edge protection needs to be supplemented by safety nets. Safety harnesses may be used as a last resort. If scaffolding is used as adequate edge protection then the working platform will be no more than 300mm below the eaves and extend three boards beyond the line of the roof edge.

Where work does not have to be carried out within 2m of the roof edge, a simple barrier consisting of crossed scaffold tubes supporting a tubing guardrail may be used to limit the extent of the working area. Such barriers will be positioned at least 2m from the edge and work will be closely supervised to ensure that persons do not go outside the designated area.

A working platform fitted with guardrails and toeboards, situated on the roof, may be used as an alternative to a barrier or platform at the roof edge. Only proprietary systems will be used.

The assessment will also consider the means of preventing falls of materials/tools. This may entail the provision of brick guards, fans, debris netting or other similar precautions. It may also be necessary to lay sheeting or boarding to prevent material falling through gaps in a working platform or between the platform and the building. Barriers at ground level may also be necessary.

Waste material will be lowered in skips or baskets, or disposed of through enclosed debris chutes. The practice of throwing such material from the roof or scaffold will be strictly prohibited.

Fragile Roofs

Before any roof is used as a means of access or as a place of work, Enviro~Clean will identify those parts covered with fragile materials and decide on the precautions to be taken. Particular attention will be paid to non-fragile roofs which have been repaired with fragile materials which may not easily be recognised under a paint or tar coating and plastic rooflights disguised by age or paint.

Roof ladders

On most sloping roofs, suitable roof ladders or crawling boards are essential. For minor maintenance work or inspection, where work is of short duration and edge protection is not provided, roof ladders will always be used.

Roof ladders or crawling boards will be purpose made for the job and will not be made up from odd timber on site. They will be strong enough to support persons when spanning across the supports for the roof covering and be secured or so positioned as to prevent movement. The anchorage at the top of the ladder will not rely on the ridge capping, which may break away from the ridge or in the case of half-round ridge tiles, prevent an anchor board from getting a good grip. The anchorage will, wherever possible bear on the opposite slope by means of a properly designed and manufactured ridge iron or be secured by other means such as a rope.

Skylights

Where skylights are present on a roof, Enviro~Clean will ensure that double guard rails or protection covers are provided to all skylights in the work area. Additionally, provision will be made to prevent access to skylights out of the work area. This will be by a rigid barrier.

Weather conditions

In the event of adverse weather conditions, Enviro~Clean will ensure that all loose materials are immediately removed off all roof areas and other similar work areas. Regular weather forecasts will be obtained.

Storage

If materials have to be stacked on the roof, a working platform will be provided to allow unloading and handling to be carried out safely.

Overhead Services

When overhead services are present on site, Enviro~Clean will contact the service provider to establish safe working distances. Suitable and adequate barriers and warning signs to include, goalposts, display of signs etc, may need to be provided and such requirements will be established and discussed with the service provider.

Scaffold Towers

Operative Competence

Contractors will ensure that all operatives required to work off scaffold towers have been adequately trained in their safe erection and use.

Edge Protection

Enviro~Clean will ensure that manufacturers, suppliers and hirers provide adequate instructions, which will be available to and followed by users.

Guardrails and toeboards will be fitted on all four sides of the platform.. Guardrails will not be less than 950mm above the platform. Sufficient numbers of intermediate guardrails will be fitted so that the unprotected gap does not exceed 470mm.

Safe Use

Mobile towers will only be used only on hard, level surfaces, castors will be turned outwards to provide maximum base dimensions and the brakes locked ‘on‘ when the scaffold is in use. They will be moved only by pulling or pushing at the base and be clear of persons and materials before towers are moved.

Static towers will have metal base plates and, unless the foundation is concrete or other solid material, the load will be spread by timber sole plates.

Enviro~Clean will ensure that the height to least base ratio will be not greater than the following:

  • Mobile internal tower 3.5:1 - Mobile external tower 3:1
  • Static internal tower 4:1 - Static external tower 3.5:1

Ladders or trestles placed on the top platform to extend the height of the tower will be strictly forbidden as will climbing, using the horizontal members of end frames.

Scaffolding

Scaffold Inspection

Enviro~Clean will ensure that a suitably experienced and qualified person is assigned to inspect the scaffold as required by the Working at Height Regulations 2005. These inspections will be the statutory thorough examination every 7 days or when the scaffold has been altered. The results of the inspection will be recorded. The scaffold will also be inspected before use.

Erection of Scaffold

All scaffolding will be erected, altered or dismantled by trained and experienced persons who will be under competent supervision. The recognised indication of training and experience in a scaffolder is the possession of a Scaffolder‘s Record Card issued under the Construction Industry Record Scheme for Scaffolders.

Edge Protection

An assessment for the requirements for edge protection will be carried out and discussed with the scaffolding contractor before scaffold erection and at anytime when the scaffold requires alteration. Enviro~Clean will ensure that edge protection meets the requirements of the Working at Height Regulations 2005.

If guardrails and toeboards are removed to permit passage of men and materials, they will not be left unattended and will be replaced as soon as possible afterwards.

Where materials need to be stored above toeboard height, brickguards will be fitted.

Cranes

Supervisor Competence

A competent person will be appointed by Enviro~Clean to be responsible for the organisation, control and selection of lifting appliances and all lifting operations including when required, liaison with local authority, service providers for any services on site, building occupants etc.

Only competent crane drivers in possession of a certificate of training such as CPCS (The Construction Plant Competence Scheme), will be employed to operate the crane.

Enviro~Clean will ensure that a fully trained slinger/signaller/banksman is always employed during all lifting operations.

Access

Where access for cranes to site is restricted Enviro~Clean will ensure that all the necessary precautions are taken to ensure the movement of cranes onto site is under strict supervision.

Underground Services

Enviro~Clean will ensure that if underground services have been identified in the area in which the crane will be operating, their location will be identified and the necessary protective action taken before crane operations begin.

Overhead Power Lines

Enviro~Clean will contact the local electricity board to discuss safe working distances where overhead power lines on site will affect a crane‘s access/operations. As a result a procedure will be established. Enviro~Clean will ensure that all personnel on site are familiar with the location of the cables and are informed of the safe working procedures that have been put in place.

Where other overhead services may affect the crane‘s operations, Enviro~Clean will contact the relevant supply company to inform them of the proposed operations.

Inspections

Enviro~Clean will ensure that all lifting gear whether chains, slings, wire or fibre rope used during this project are inspected prior to use and have a "Thorough Examination Certificate" as required by LOLER 98.

Power Operated Work Platforms

Proof of competence

Enviro~Clean will ensure that only operatives who have been properly trained and in possession of a certificate of training such as CPCS (The Construction Plant Competence Scheme), or similar are allowed to operate elevated work platforms. All operatives will provide Enviro~Clean with copies of each certificate before they are allowed to use such machines. Untrained or unauthorised persons will not be allowed to operate mobile platforms under any circumstances.

Machine Selection

Enviro~Clean will ensure that the correct type of Mobile Elevated Work Platform is used appropriate to the access available and the work being carried out.

Inspections

Visual daily and weekly inspections will be completed by a trained competent person. The results of the weekly inspections will be recorded and entered in the health and Safety Plan.

Occupied Premises

General Information

Enviro~Clean will take precautions to protect occupants and visitors to the building. An assessment will be undertaken of the hazards and risks which could face occupants and the appropriate action taken. The assessment will have regard to safe access and egress, noise and dust generated by the work, emergency procedures, disruption of services, traffic movements, requirements for signage and lighting.

Safe place of work

Occupants will be instructed not to enter the construction work area. However, their presence in the building will be considered as part of the health and safety management of the project.

Fire Precautions

Enviro~Clean will make contact with any occupants before any work commences to plan the emergency fire procedures and/or additional fire safety measures that need to be put into place. These discussions may need to involve the local fire authority. Work may require breaching of fire stopping in services, recesses, ducts and voids where fire could spread rapidly. Procedures will be put into place to ensure that occupants are not put at risk during such work. Occupants will be informed of temporary arrangements if it becomes necessary for any part of the smoke/heat detection system to be temporarily disconnected.

Services

Enviro~Clean will ensure that all current services to the occupied areas are inspected before work commences. Arrangements will be made to ensure services are not affected by the work and the power supply is adequate to cope with both the needs of the project and the occupants.

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